National Arbitration Forum




Peter Geraci v. Bruce Kane

Claim Number: FA0809001222742



Complainant is Peter Geraci (“Complainant”), represented by Brian A. Hall, Michigan, USA.  Respondent is Bruce Kane (“Respondent”), Georgia, USA.



The domain name at issue is <>, registered with, Inc.



The undersigned certifies that he has acted independently and impartially and to the best of his knowledge has no known conflict in serving as Panelist in this proceeding.


James A. Carmody, Esq., as Panelist.



Complainant submitted a Complaint to the National Arbitration Forum electronically on September 2, 2008; the National Arbitration Forum received a hard copy of the Complaint on September 3, 2008.


On September 3, 2008,, Inc. confirmed by e-mail to the National Arbitration Forum that the <> domain name is registered with, Inc. and that the Respondent is the current registrant of the name., Inc. has verified that Respondent is bound by the, Inc. registration agreement and has thereby agreed to resolve domain-name disputes brought by third parties in accordance with ICANN’s Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”).


On September 5, 2008, a Notification of Complaint and Commencement of Administrative Proceeding (the “Commencement Notification”), setting a deadline of September 25, 2008 by which Respondent could file a Response to the Complaint, was transmitted to Respondent via e-mail, post and fax, to all entities and persons listed on Respondent’s registration as technical, administrative and billing contacts, and to by e-mail.


A timely Response was received and determined to be complete on September 24, 2008.


On September 29, 2008, Complainant timely filed an Additional Submission which was considered by the Panel.

On October 2, 2008, pursuant to Complainant’s request to have the dispute decided by a single-member Panel, the National Arbitration Forum appointed James A. Carmody, Esq.,  as Panelist.



Complainant requests that the domain name be transferred from Respondent to Complainant.




            A.  Complainant makes the following assertions:


1.      Respondent’ <> domain name, the domain name at issue, is confusingly similar to Complainant’s INFO TAPES mark.

2.      Respondent does not have any rights or legitimate interests in the domain name at issue.

3.      Respondent registered and used the domain name at issue in bad faith.


            B.  Respondent makes the following assertions:


1.      Respondent denies that the domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a mark in which Complainant has exclusive rights.

2.      Respondent claims rights and legitimate interests in the domain name at issue, having registered it seven years ago in support of a portal search engine.

3.      Respondent denies that it has registered or used the domain name at issue in bad faith.


C.  Additional Submissions:

Complainant filed an additional submission which essentially further argued the positions in the Complaint and noted that Respondent’s receipt of $3.55 in pay-per-click revenue over the past five years is evidence of bad faith in light of the commercial gain of Respondent.



Complainant has applied for, but not yet obtained, a federal registration for his INFO TAPES mark. He uses this mark in connection with providing free legal information to Internet users with bankruptcy and credit problems and has done so since at least December 6, 1998 on his website resolving from his <> domain name.  Complainant has also used his INFO TAPES mark in connection with television advertisements and a telephone number which consumers can call to receive free telephonic legal information.  In addition, Complainant has provided evidence of Illinois and Wisconsin State registrations of his INFO TAPES mark dating back to January 16, 2003.  Complainant has not given Respondent permission to use the INFO TAPES mark, and there is no indication that Respondent is commonly known by that mark. 


Respondent, who maintains an address in Georgia, registered the <> domain name at issue in November of 2003 in connection with his development of a portal search engine.  For the past 5 years, this domain has been parked with GoDaddy and has yielded a total of $3.55 in pay-per-click revenue during that time.  There is no evidence that Respondent was aware of Complainant’s INFO TAPES mark at the time of registration of the domain name at issue despite state registrations of the mark in Illinois and Wisconsin.  Notwithstanding Complainant’s application for registration of the mark with the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, no registration has occurred, so there is no constructive notice of the INFO TAPES mark chargeable to Respondent.



Paragraph 15(a) of the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Rules”) instructs this Panel to “decide a complaint on the basis of the statements and documents submitted in accordance with the Policy, these Rules and any rules and principles of law that it deems applicable.”


Paragraph 4(a) of the Policy requires that the Complainant must prove each of the following three elements to obtain an order that a domain name should be cancelled or transferred:


(1)   the domain name registered by the Respondent is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the Complainant has rights;

(2)   the Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in respect of the domain name; and

(3)   the domain name has been registered and is being used in bad faith.


Registration and Use in Bad Faith

Complainant’s mark, INFO TAPES, is not identical to the <> domain name at issue and there is no evidence, by affidavit or otherwise, that the domain is confusingly similar to Complainant’s mark.  There is no evidence of actual confusion of the public by affidavit or other evidence.  Accordingly, a persuasive argument could be made that Complainant has not satisfied Policy ¶ 4(a)(i).


However, unlike Policy ¶ 4(a)(i), which focuses on Complainant’s mark and the confusing similarity of the disputed domain name, Policy ¶ 4(a)(iii) addresses Respondent’s use of the disputed domain name.  In this case, there is no evidence whatsoever that Respondent had actual or constructive notice of Complainant’s INFO TAPES mark when he registered <> in November of 2003.


Complainant has failed to meet the burden of proof of bad faith registration and use under Policy ¶ 4(a)(iii).  See Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. v. Samjo CellTech.Ltd, FA 406512 (Nat. Arb. Forum Mar. 9, 2005) (finding that the complainant failed to establish that the respondent registered and used the disputed domain name in bad faith because mere assertions of bad faith are insufficient for a complainant to establish Policy ¶ 4(a)(iii); see also Graman USA Inc. v. Shenzhen Graman Indus. Co., FA 133676 (Nat. Arb. Forum Jan. 16, 2003) (finding that general allegations of bad faith without supporting facts or specific examples do not supply a sufficient basis upon which the panel may conclude that the respondent acted in bad faith).


Since the Complainant has failed to satisfy the third element of the Policy, it is not necessary for the Panel to make findings as to the other two.  Vail Corp. & Vail Trademarks, Inc. v. Resort Destination Mktg., FA 1106470 (Nat. Arb. Forum Jan. 8, 2008) (finding it unnecessary to examine all three elements of the Policy once shown the complainant could not satisfy one element); Occidental Hoteles Mgmt., S.A., & Corictal II, S.A. v. Hargrave Arts, LLC, FA 959645 (Nat. Arb. Forum May 21, 2007) (deciding not to inquire into the remaining elements of the Policy where the complainant had failed to meet its burden for one).



Having failed to establish all three elements required under the ICANN Policy, the Panel concludes that relief shall be DENIED.




James A. Carmody, Esq., Panelist
Dated: October 16, 2008







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