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Country-code TLDs (ccTLDs)

Country-code TLDs are generally run by the country to which the TLD is delegated, unless the country has further delegated operational authority to another entity. Each ccTLD operator is permitted to establish the rules and policies governing when and to whom it will permit registration of domain names.

Each ccTLD operator also has the option to provide for dispute resolution. Some ccTLDs have adopted the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) in its entirety. The UDRP was the first dispute resolution policy for domain names and many policies copy substantially from it. If a ccTLD has drafted its own policy, whether that policy is based on or substantially similar to the UDRP, the ccTLD will specify the provider that may hear and resolve those disputes. The Forum may only accept claims for ccTLDs for which Forum is named. Many ccTLDs have no dispute policy, require that disputants contact the registry for assistance, or require that the dispute be filed in a particular court.

Disputes may not be filed across different policies. For instance, if you have a dispute over a .com domain name and a .us domain name, two complaints must be filed as different policies are implicated.

Determining which ccTLDs have adopted the UDRP, which have adopted their variant, and which are silent is complex. To the right is a list of many ccTLDs that have adopted the UDRP and are able to be handled by Forum. This list is always subject to change and potential parties should research the current status of a ccTLD's dispute resolution policies before deciding upon how to proceed.

Many Policies and Rule require Complainant to notify Respondent of the Complaint using a Complaint Transmittal Cover Sheet. You can download that form here.

Below is a list of ccTLDs adopting ICANN’s UDRP. Complaints may be filed with Forum for domains registered in these TLDs.

Country ccTLD American Samoa .as Anguilla .ai Antigua and Barbuda .ag Bahamas .bs Belize .bz Bermuda .bm Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela .ve Cocos Islands .cc Colombia .co Cyprus .cy Democratic Republic of the Congo .cd Djibouti .dj Ecuador .ec Equatorial Guinea .gq Federated States of Micronesia .fm Fiji .fj Grenada .gd Guatemala .gt Kiribati .ki Malawi .mw Montenegro .me Nauru .nr Niue .nu Pakistan .pk Palau .pw Panama .pa People’s Democratic Republic Lao .la Pitcairn Islands .pn Puerto Rico .pr Republic of Moldova .md Romania .ro Saint Lucia .lc Samoa .ws Seychelles .sc Sierra Leone .sl Somalia .so Tajikistan .tj Trinidad and Tobago .tt Tuvalu .tv Uganda .ug Virgin Islands .vg